Energy Policy & System Analysis

Technology roadmapping; Workforce development and green jobs; Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE); enabling physical infrastructure development.

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Previous and Ongoing Analyses :

Workforce Development

  • Evaluation of Weatherization activity under the ARRA to determine, among other things, impact on work force training for the program as well as further preparation of that work force for the larger 'green energy' environment (Joel Eisenberg)
  • Impacts of graduates of ITP's Industrial Assessment Centers program, currently operating a registry and exit interviews for all IAC engineering participants (Michaela Martin and M. Schweitzer, S.U. Nimbalkar, B. Tonn, M. Lapsa, A. Wolfe, L. Truett, R. Schmoyer, R. Goeltz)

Infrastructure Development

  • Geospatial deployment of Carbon Capture and Storage (Jeff Bielicki)
  • Analysis of spatial deployment of energy infrastructure (carbon capture and storage) stimulated by a "price on carbon." (Jeff Bielicki)
  • Technical support to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission for the analysis of impacts of hydropower development on aquatic resources (Glen Cada)

Energy Technology Policy

  • Greene, D.L. (2007). "Policies to Increase Passenger Car and Light Truck Fuel Economy," Testimony to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, January 30, Washington, DC. (David Greene)
  • Effective policies to promote clean energy vehicle technologies using simulation to model the behavior of car makers, fuel infrastructure providers and consumers (David Greene, Zhenhong Lin)
  • Greene, D.L. (2007). "Policies to Increase Passenger Car and Light Truck Fuel Economy," Testimony to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, January 30, Washington, DC
  • Power from Perspectives Project - University of Tennessee Howard Baker Center for Public Policy and Deloitte Touche (Bruce Tonn)
  • National Survey on Perspectives on U.S. Energy Policy - University of Tennessee Howard Baker Center for Public Policy and Deloitte Touche (Bruce Tonn)
  • Wolfe, A.K. and N.E. Yourstone, 1992 (April). The Demand-Side Management Program Development Process-A Utility Perspective. ORNL/CON-345, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

Energy Efficiency and Clean Energy

  • ORNL's Sustainable Campus for the Year 2018 Initiative—analyses to identify factors that contribute to gap between designed and realized energy savings; employee, family, and community engagement (Amy Wolfe)
  • Interlaboratory Working Group. 2000. Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future (Oak Ridge, TN; Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Berkeley, CA; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), ORNL/CON-476 and LBNL-44029, November. Amy Wolfe, Contributor
  • Substantial technology acceptance work—e.g., factors that led to inconsistent community-level responses to planned waste-to-energy facilities (several publications, including Curlee, T.R., S.M. Schexnayder, D.P. Vogt, A.K. Wolfe, M.P. Kelsay, D.L. Feldman, 1994. Waste-to-Energy in the United States: A Social and Economic Assessment. Westport, CT: Quorum
  • Flue gas desulfurization analysis (Shih-Miao Chin and Ho-Ling Hwang)
  • Energy saving associated with extended daylight saving time (Shih-Miao Chin and Ho-Ling Hwang)

Environmental Externalities of Energy Production and Use

  • Authored and co-authored numerous books and papers on energy-related externalities and currently on a National Academies committee on the health and environmental externalities of producing, distributing and using energy (Russell Lee), e.g.,
  • Committee on Health, Environmental, and Other External costs of Energy Production and Consumption (2009) The Hidden Costs of Energy, Washington, DC: National Academies Press (forthcoming)
  • Lee, R., S. Hirschberg, C. Boone, R. Dutkiewicz, R. Wilson, and Y. Matsuki (1999) Health and Environmental Impacts of Electricity Generation Systems: Procedures for Comparative Assessment, Technical Reports Series No. 394, Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Lee. R. et al. (1994-1998) Estimating Externalities of Fuel Cycles, (8 volumes),McGraw-Hill/Utility Data Institute: Washington, DC
  • Lee, R. (2002) Environmental impacts of energy use, Chapter 3 in Energy: Science, Policy, and the Pursuit of Sustainability, Robert Bent, Lloyd Orr and Randall Baker (eds.) Washington, DC: Island Press (Russell Lee)
  • Analysis of environmental issues related to conventional hydropower and marine and hydrokinetic energy technologies for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program (Glen Cada)

Analytical Tools Development

  • Wolfe, A.K., S.M. Schexnayder, M. Fly, C. Furtsch, 1997 (April). Summary Report: Developing a Users' Needs Survey Focusing on Informational and Analytical Environmental Decision-aiding Tools. NCEDR-97-01 and ORNL/NCEDR-2. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge Tennessee and the National Center for Environmental Decision-making Research, Knoxville, Tennessee.
  • Traffic impact and noise analysis environmental assessment study (Shih-Miao Chin and Ho-Ling Hwang)
  • National Energy Modeling System Residual Analysis Model (Shih-Miao Chin and Ho-Ling Hwang)
  • National Energy Modeling System model enhancement (Shih-Miao Chin and Ho-Ling Hwang)
National Petroleum Products Network Analysis Model (Shih-Miao Chin and Ho-Ling Hwang)

Relevant Areas of Expertise and Capabilities:

Economic and Systems Analysis

  • Economic and environmental analysis of vehicle technologies (David Greene, Zhenhong Lin)
  • Consumer choice modeling (David Greene, Zhenhong Lin)
  • System dynamics (David Greene, Zhenhong Lin)
  • Market assessment of vehicle technologies (David Greene, Zhenhong Lin)
  • PHEV usage behavior modeling (David Greene, Zhenhong Lin)
  • Demand-driven policy options for reducing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions the transportation sector (Frank Southworth)
  • Regional energy analysis, economic theory, quantitative economics, econometrics, regional economics, energy economics, international trade, and economic modeling (David Vogt)
  • Econometric estimation of the energy use effects of price, income and policy changes ('Debo Oladosu) 
  • Enterprise modeling and analysis - systems approach for evidence-based decision analysis (Rekha Pillai, et al.)
  • Optimization modeling (Paul Leiby)
  • Deployment incentives (policy/regulation) (Jeff Bielicki)

Social and Behavioral Analysis

  • Analysis of RD3 of energy efficient technologies, including behavioral analysis (Russell Lee)
  • Estimation of externalities associated with energy production, distribution and use (Russell Lee)
  • Social, institutional, behavioral analyses (Amy Wolfe)
  • Identifying, incorporating decision makers' needs, perspectives, and sources of information - thus, analyzing factors and can promote or inhibit the effectiveness of various policies and plans (Amy Wolfe)
  • Stakeholder interfaces, expert-citizen interactions and decision making, public participation processes and structures, social impact assessment (Elizabeth Peele)

Policy Analysis

  • Policy impact analysis, such as fuel economy standards and federal acquisition (David Greene, Zhenhong Lin)
  • Feebate (David Greene)
  • Policy analysis and decision support system development (Shih-Miao Chin and Ho-Ling Hwang)
  • Energy policy analysis (Bruce Tonn)
  • Futures analysis and scenario development (Bruce Tonn)
  • Sustainable communities (Bruce Tonn)

Sectoral Analysis

  • Energy infrastructure analysis (Shih-Miao Chin and Ho-Ling Hwang)
  • Transportation network analysis (Shih-Miao Chin and Ho-Ling Hwang)
  • Nonmarket natural resource amenity valuation, cost/benefit analysis, benefits transfer of nonmarket willingness-to-pay measures, commercial bioenergy business systems and energy/agricultural market development (Mark Downing)
  • Alternative transportation fuels, global climate change economics and policy, oil and energy security, optimization modeling (Paul Leiby)
  • Allison, S., Lapsa, M.V., Ward, C., Barton, S., Grubb, K. and R. Lee (2007) Current Renewable Energy Technologies and Future Projections, ORNL/TM-2007/2, Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Allison, S., Lapsa, M.V., Ward, C., Barton, S., Grubb, K. and R. Lee)
  • Investment analysis - technology roadmapping, deployment planning, system design, etc.) (Rekha Pillai, et al.)
  • Infrastructure modeling (technology) (Jeff Bielicki)
  • ORNL and its subcontractor teams have extensive experience in this program and its many aspects including work force training. ORNL has extensive background in non-federal resources integrated into the federal WAP program (Joel Eisenberg)
  • Experienced with the IAC program, a strong model for energy efficiency education programs (Michaela Martin and M. Schweitzer, S.U. Nimbalkar, B. Tonn, M. Lapsa, A. Wolfe, L. Truett, R. Schmoyer, R. Goeltz)
  • Bioenergy Information Network; biomass resource analysis (Robert Perlack)

Preliminary Ideas on Possible Studies

  • Explore a mathematical representation of the Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency in support of other models (David Greene, Zhenhong Lin)
  • Examine the geographic distribution of biomass sources and biofuel end users and optimize the configuration of a biofuel system to maximize carbon mitigation and/or oil savings. (David Greene, Zhenhong Lin)
  • Identify the optimal pathway to transform the current petroleum-based LDV fleet, based on the current knowledge on characterization of technologies (lifecycle costs, fuel economy, electricity consumption rate, lifecycle GHG rate, etc) and consumers (regional attributes, driving behavior and need, refueling accessibility of alternative fuel, recharging accessibility (David Greene, Zhenhong Lin)
  • Assess the social cost-benefit of enabling PHEV/EV recharging at home, workplace, and public sites (David Greene, Zhenhong Lin)
  • Undertake life cycle analysis of the user costs, energy consumption and greenhouse gases emitted from AFV supply chains: PHEV and biofuel vehicles (Frank Southworth)
  • Adapt coupled engineering-economic geospatial-optimization approach developed for CCS to renewables, such as wind, solar, and biofuels. (Jeff Bielicki)
  • Coupling climate change impacts to infrastructure and renewable technology deployment. (Jeff Bielicki)
  • Identify the factors that affect decisions to purchase alternative products that use energy (or that reduce the use of energy), and the factors that affect behavioral changes in the use of these items (Russell Lee)
  • Estimate the externalities associated with different end-use technologies in the residential and commercial sectors, with and without EERE R&D (Russell Lee)
  • Develop a web-based national bioenergy policy analysis tool to evaluate socio-economic tradeoffs of various bioenergy technologies and to visualize the outcome from scenarios (Shih-Miao Chin and Ho-Ling Hwang)
  • Develop a national energy scorecard (Bruce Tonn)
  • Develop seven perspectives on national energy portfolios: scenario development (Bruce Tonn)
  • Estimate impact of exponential and converging technological change on energy systems (Bruce Tonn)
  • Research the best means to encourage increased penetration of renewable energy resources in low-income communities (Joel Eisenberg)
  • Produce gold standard evaluation and report on impacts of DOE's IAC Program on workforce development (Michaela Martin and M. Schweitzer, S.U. Nimbalkar, B. Tonn, M. Lapsa, A. Wolfe, L. Truett, R. Schmoyer, R. Goeltz)

Highlights

Edition 33 of the Transportation Energy Data Book Released
The Transportation Energy Data Book (TEDB) is a compendium of data on transportation with an emphasis on energy. Designed for use as a desktop reference, the TEDB was first published in 1976 and has continued to Edition 33. The TEDB is produced by Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

2013 Vehicle Technologies Market Report
The 2013 Vehicle Technologies Market Report was released March 31, 2014 via the web. The report details the major trends in U.S. light-duty vehicle and medium/heavy truck markets. This report is produced by Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

Numerous CTA Staff gave presentations at the DOE Annual Merit Review Meeting, June 8-12, 2014.
The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) 2013 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meetings for the Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and the Vehicle Technologies Program held June 8-12, 2014. The staff members attending were Keith Kahl, David Smith, P.T. Jones, Andreas Malikopoulos, Zhenhong Lin, Changzheng Liu and Stacy Davis.